One particular delivery to an Ohio Red Lobster restaurant in the summer of 2020 should have been like any other. But then a female employee removed the lid of the crate, and after peering inside she saw something that looked a bit odd. Indeed, this bizarre sight was a sea creature that she had never seen before.
The restaurant is found in Ohio’s Cuyahoga Falls, and the consignment drop-off was delivered by air in July that year. This form of transport cuts the travel time significantly compared to road routes, and it ensures the eatery’s ingredients are as fresh as possible.
Cuyahoga Falls is located around seven hours by car from New York City and 40 minutes north of Cleveland. And despite being minutes from Lake Eerie, Red Lobster’s seafood is not typically found in that body of water.
The Red Lobster restaurant ships its main ingredients in from both ocean catches and farm-raised stock. But something wasn’t quite right when that July day’s air shipment arrived. To wit, it was staff member Lora Jones who first spotted an oddity among the usual fare.
Jones subsequently showed her colleagues what she had seen, and none of them could believe their eyes. Furthermore, they soon knew that it wasn’t going onto the menu. That’s because the creature found lurking in the shipment was actually an incredibly rare discovery.
Today, Red Lobster is a chain seafood restaurant with more than 700 sites across the United States, but its beginnings were more humble. The company was founded in 1968 by Bill Darden, who opened a lone eatery with the help of his family in Lakeland, Florida. And the restaurant was to specialize in his favorite cuisine: seafood.
According to the company’s website, Darden believed that everyone in the U.S. should be able to enjoy the best quality seafood – however far they’re located from the coast. Then, just two years later his restaurant caught the attention of food conglomerate General Mills. With the company’s investment behind it, Red Lobster then opened new locations across the country.
Red Lobster’s menu evolved throughout the ’70s and proved a hit with customers nationwide. The restaurant chain’s popularity surged at the end of the decade after numerous famous advertising drives. Consequently, by the mid-1980s Red Lobster was able to establish a site in Canada and devised themed promotional events – such as the now-traditional Valentine’s Day Lobsterfest.
Today, Red Lobster operates sites in 11 countries – including Qatar, China, Japan and Ecuador. Its website adds that the company hires 58,000 staff and is the world’s biggest seafood restaurant. Not only that, but the firm also has plans to expand further.
Like most restaurants, Red Lobster’s range of food covers main courses, appetizers, soups, salads, sides and dessert. The eatery serves lunch as well as dinner, and it offers an array of party platters, family deals and kids’ selections. But as well as the expected aquatic fare, the restaurant chain also throws a few culinary curveballs.
For instance, there’s a chicken and steak selection with a choice of filet mignon, sirloin or NY strip steaks. Also on the menu is a Cajun chicken linguini alfredo, along with a surf and turf option of Maine lobster and sirloin. Sides might come in the form of green beans, baked potato, fries, mash, rice, a Caesar salad or cheddar bay biscuits.
Of course, a glance at Red Lobster’s menu shows that the menu largely consists of seafood dishes. Appetizers are a choice of lobster and langostino pizza, Parrot Isle jumbo coconut shrimp, langostino lobster-artichoke-and-seafood dip, white wine and roasted-garlic mussels, seafood-stuffed mushrooms and mozzarella cheesesticks. Any of these might then be followed with a choice of mains and side dishes.
A typical fish dish might consist of salmon caught fresh that day from New Orleans or the Atlantic Ocean. The catfish option, meanwhile, is raised on a farm. And if you’re dining with children, they have a range of choices: including golden-fried fish, popcorn shrimp, chicken fingers or macaroni and cheese.
Moreover, combos consist of lobster, shrimp, crab, scallops, clams, salmon and mussels. But all these options and the company’s millions of customers a year puts a huge strain on fish populations. And the survival of certain species is a growing concern.
As Red Lobster says on its website, “Traceable. Sustainable. Responsible. These are more than just words on our menu – it’s our promise that all of the seafood we serve is sourced to the highest standards. Because, as one of the world’s largest seafood purchasers, we believe it’s our responsibility to protect and preserve our oceans and marine life for generations to come.”
Red Lobster says that it vets its long-term suppliers around the world in person before entering into a partnership with them. Naturally, this ensures that the company knows exactly where the fish that arrives in its restaurants comes from. What’s more, the chain can ensure that the delivered produce is of the highest quality.
The seafood restaurant claims that its suppliers comply with sustainability guidelines within the fishing industry. These standards are regulated by official bodies such as the Global Sustainable Seafood Initiative and Best Aquaculture Practices. Further to this, Red Lobster says that regulations set by the Aquaculture Improvement Projects and its fisheries equivalent are also adhered to in order to keep fish supplies plentiful.
The company writes on its website, “We support and follow regulatory efforts that manage fish populations and mandate our suppliers comply with all applicable laws.” To achieve this, Red Lobster abides by regulations set out by the Total Allowable Catch organization, which monitors fish populations and manages fishing quotas.
The seafood restaurant chain claims that it has known where every piece of seafood it serves came from since its inception in 1968. Furthermore, Red Lobster is a founding member of the Global Aquaculture Alliance, and it helped formulate the Best Aquaculture Practices certification.
Red Lobster says that it supports Total Allowable Catch regulations which manage the population of fish, and the company also apparently avoids catching at-risk sealife. Meanwhile, staff at the Cuyahoga Falls branch were about to have their own experience of dealing with rare sea creatures when they spotted something unusual among a delivery.
You see, what worker Lora Jones had found in the shipment of ingredients was a blue lobster. General manager Michelle Falconer told Today in July 2020, “At first the lobster just looked a little off. But when we put her in our tank, she was this beautiful, brilliant color.”
Naturally, the distinctive blue hue stood out from the other lobsters in the delivery. Anthony Stein – who is a culinary manager at the Cuyahoga Falls establishment – told NPR that same month, “At first it looked like it was fake.” You see, staff had sent a picture of their find to him since he wasn’t around to see for himself.
The lobster that the workers had discovered was of the common American variety. The species is usually a familiar red color, but this one was different. Due to a rare genetic defect, its shell was blue instead of its typical hue. As Stein observed, “It’s definitely something marvelous to look at.”
The workers were certainly taken by the unusual-looking creature, and they named it Clawde in honor of Red Lobster’s mascot. But if the creature wasn’t to become one of the restaurant’s delicacies, what would its fate be? Well, employees soon began ringing their contacts to work out what should happen next.
At first, staffers apparently made the lobster feel comfortable. Server Angie Helbig explained to NPR, “We kept [it] in the tank and just made sure that nobody took him in the back for dinner.” But they knew Clawde couldn’t stay there forever, so they reached out to partners across the seafood industry.
The blue lobster got acquainted with other crustaceans in its temporary home. And in the meantime, management at the eatery got in touch with the corporate office, which then contacted the Seafood Watch Program at the Monterey Bay Aquarium in California. As it happens, Red Lobster is a member of the marine-life facility’s seafood ethics initiative.
What’s more, Ohio’s very own Akron Zoo is also a member of the Seafood Watch Program. And it’s this establishment that was nominated as Clawde’s new home. Days later, the blue crustacean was transported to the zoo’s aquarium, where staff had prepared a tank for the lobster. And by all appearances, the creature settled in well.
Manager of Akron Zoo Animal Care Kathleen Balogh explained to NPR, “[Staff] sprung into action. [They] prepared a suitable area and made a cage so the lobster would feel comfortable.” She then drove to Cuyahoga Falls with a co-worker and a large cooler filled with cold saltwater to collect the zoo’s newest addition.
Vets performed tests on the blue lobster upon its arrival. Balogh told the publication, “There is a little bit of wear and tear from its journey,” but the crustacean was otherwise in good shape. However, the zoo made another interesting discovery: the lobster was actually female.
Clawdia – as she was renamed to reflect her gender – is in fact an incredibly rare find. Indeed, it’s widely agreed that there’s as little as a one-in-two-million chance of coming across such a lobster. It’s a statistic that’s supported by the University of Maine Lobster Institute, but its executive director Rob Bayer told the BBC that this figure is just a guess.
Bayer told the BBC in May 2016, “The chances of this happening nobody really knows.” His comments, meanwhile, relate to a couple of fishermen in Canada who found two blue lobsters within days of each other off the U.S. Atlantic Coast.
However, a professor at Cambridge University in the U.K. called David Spiegelhalter believes that the guesswork may be accurate. Rough estimates suggest that 200 million lobsters are fished in the North Atlantic annually, according to the BBC. Therefore, if the one-in-two-million guess is correct, then only 100 of the crustaceans would be blue.
Spiegelhalter told the BBC, “… For two [blue] lobsters to be caught three days apart – quite close to each other – does not seem at all surprising. I would imagine it happens most years.” Nevertheless, one in every two million lobsters is still a pretty long shot, so Akron Zoo is treating its new inhabitant with care.
The genetic mutation that creates the abnormality causes increased production of a particular protein, which apparently creates the blue coloring. Charlie Ellis – who works at the National Lobster Hatchery as a researcher in the U.K. – described lobster colors to the BBC. He said, “The American lobster is usually a sort of greeny brown, so anything bright blue would look very odd to fishermen there.”
Ellis continued, “… European lobsters tend to be a duller blue color. The real sort of iridescent blue is still rare here, but the difference is that, to a European fisherman, it will seem less completely out of the ordinary than it would seem to a North American.” Though regardless of how infrequently they’re seen, other colored lobsters are even more rare.
For instance, the yellow variety make up around one in 30 million of total stocks, according to the Lobster Institute. Furthermore, the albino lobster is an even rarer find. The BBC added that chances of discovering one of those is around one in 100 million.
Bayer went on, “Whatever the odds of catching different-coloured lobsters, there’s no denying that bright blue ones are truly beautiful creatures. They might not be the most unusual, but they are undoubtedly the best to look at.” Indeed, it is the hope of Akron Zoo that Clawdia will eventually make it into a display for the public.
Vince Jeffries is Akron Zoo’s director of marketing and public relations. He told Today, “Shortly after we introduced Clawdia to her aquarium, she started moving rocks around to create her own cave. That was a good sign, it means she’s doing well.” However, she must shed her shell in the fall in order to continue growing.
Claudia is actually in isolation at the time of writing; it’s Akron’s policy to quarantine new arrivals for around three months due to safety. Nevertheless, she will eventually be housed alongside other lobsters. Although she will have her own tank due to her variety’s preference for a cold-water habitat.
Akron is also reportedly offering limited numbers of sponsorship packages to raise funds for the lobster’s care. For $50, fans will receive an adoption certificate, a picture of Clawdia, a lobster plushy – in blue, of course – and a list of facts about the creature. Meanwhile, donations will pay for medical bills, food and care for her habitat.
Normally, though, rare sea creatures are found much closer to the ocean. The staff at the Coal Oil Point Reserve in California can attest to this, too, as they couldn’t miss the 600-pound beast that had been swept in by the Pacific’s tide. At first, the team thought they knew the species of the giant critter, but a closer look led them to realize that they’d gotten things all wrong. And, rather unsettlingly, the experts also had no idea what this monstrous animal actually was.
Considering how large the animal on the beach appeared to be, the Coal Point experts quickly determined that they’d found an ocean sunfish. And the specs seemed right, at first. For starters, the ocean sunfish is one of the weightiest species of bony fish on Earth, with some examples able to reach in excess of a whopping 2,200 pounds.
The ocean sunfish can be so large, in fact, that its height may even match its length. These astonishing beasts therefore stand in stark contrast to the sleek, slim fish we tend to imagine darting through rivers and oceans. And while the size and thickness of adult sunfish’s skin keeps them safe from many oceanic predators, they’re nevertheless at risk of being eaten by sharks, orcas and sea lions.
Then there are those ocean sunfish that wash up on the shores of beaches – often perplexing the people who eventually find their massive bodies. The Coal Point Oil Reserve team thought that they’d found one such specimen, too, in 2019. Upon further inspection, though, the specialists realized that they’d actually come across something else – something just as enormous.
It’s not particularly surprising, however, that there would be such a creature on the Coal Point Oil Reserve in Southern California. After all, the area – which is protected by the University of California to aid in educational pursuits – is home to a slew of unusual fauna. The land itself is important, too, as it’s one of the final illustrations of a coastal-strand environment.
Untouched dunes pile up along the coastline of the Coal Oil Point Reserve, and these play host to some noteworthy forms of plant life. The ecosystems that have developed here are also delicately balanced, although they’re certainly sufficient for the dune beetle and the western snowy plover – both of which can be seen near these sandy mounds.
The Coal Oil Point Natural Reserve additionally encompasses the Devereux Slough, which presents as a tidal lagoon during the colder parts of the year. In the summertime, though, much of the moisture evaporates and the area instead becomes defined by salt flats and saline ponds. And such changes create one-of-a-kind habitats for the creatures that end up here. This is also the case with the reserve’s grasslands and its stretches covered in coastal scrub – a community of plants native to California.
In total, the Coal Oil Point Reserve is known to host more than 1,000 different species of animals and plants. Yet experts believe that they’ve yet to reveal every single creature that dwells within the expanse of protected land. And it’s fortunate that the area is safeguarded, too, as many of the examples of flora and fauna here face habitat disintegration elsewhere.
Plus, the Coal Oil Point Reserve borders the Pacific Ocean, which means that there are plenty more noteworthy animals swimming in the nearby depths. Indeed, an intern who worked on the reserve happened upon one of those very critters in February 2019. From far away, though, the creature would’ve looked like a massive, gray blob.
And in a UC Santa Barbara press release, conservation specialist Jessica Nielsen was quoted as saying that the intern’s discovery had initially shocked her. Unlike most other animals that appear on sandy coastlines, you see, the creature had strange features. Of the find, Nielsen added, “This is certainly the most remarkable organism I have seen wash up on the beach in my four years at the reserve.”
In fact, it appears that evolutionary biologist Thomas Turner felt much the same way when he saw the gigantic creature in the sand. First, he caught a glimpse of the beast in images that Nielsen had uploaded to the Coal Oil Point Reserve’s Facebook account. Then he raced to the shoreline with his wife and child so that he could see the bizarre discovery for himself.
Speaking to CNN in February 2019, Turner said, “It’s the most unusual fish you’ve ever seen. It has no tail. All of its teeth are fused, so it doesn’t have any teeth. It’s just got this big round opening for a mouth.” On top of that, the creature was enormous. In fact, 6-foot-tall Turner stood with his arms outstretched to show just how large it was.
The fish was nearly 7 feet long, as it happens, and weighed more than 600 pounds. Owing to all that they could determine, then, the Coal Oil Point Reserve team classified the creature as an ocean sunfish – otherwise known as a common mola. Then the staff posted photos of the animal to a website called iNaturalist to allow other experts to weigh in. And, at first, a number of the commenters also suspected that the California-based team had found an ocean sunfish.
Luckily, though, someone looped Ralph Foster into the conversation. And from there, the South Australian Museum’s fish expert took a good, hard look at the photos of the supposed ocean sunfish. But not all was as it seemed. Yes, as Foster examined the creature, he suspected that it wasn’t actually among the species identified at all.
At least the skeptical Turner knew who he could turn to in search of answers. Ultimately, then, he fired off an email containing some images of the beached fish to a woman named Marianne Nyegaard. And as a marine scientist, Nyegaard was the perfect person to consult on such matters.
But the images initially did little to move Nyegaard. She recalled to CNN, “The pictures weren’t very clear. I was reluctant to settle on an identification because it was so far out of range.” So, she and Foster reached out to the Coal Oil Point Reserve team. If they could send over better photos, then the duo could be in a better position to draw conclusions.
Fortunately, Nielsen and Turner heeded Nyegaard and Foster’s call, as the California-based pair returned to the shoreline to snap more photos of the perplexing creature. By then, though, a couple of days had passed since the intern had spotted the blob on the sand. And in that time, the tides had seemingly washed it away.
Still, Nielsen and Turner held out hope that they could track down the supposed ocean sunfish once more. They therefore separated out for a search, starting a couple of miles apart and then walking towards each other. And, thankfully, the scientists’ plan worked, as they finally rediscovered the fish’s body not far from its original resting place.
Turner and Nielsen could examine the creature once more, then, and send detailed photos to Nyegaard and Foster. Yet when the Coal Oil Point duo took a closer look at the fish, they noticed a few features that proved its original classification had been wrong.
For example, where normal fish have tails, the ocean sunfish has what’s known as a clavus – a rounded protrusion that’s sometimes as wide as the entire body. As such, this feature acts more like a rudder than a powerful back fin. But while the beast on the California beach had a clavus, its shape didn’t match that seen on other ocean sunfish.
Snapping pictures of the unique fish delighted Nielsen, though, and she explained as much to UC Santa Barbara news site The Current. In February 2019, the conservation specialist said, “It really was exciting to collect the photos and samples, knowing that it could potentially be such an extraordinary sighting.”
And as it turned out, Nielsen hadn’t let her excitement build up in vain. You see, as soon as Nyegaard saw the clearer pictures, she knew that the California-based scientists had found something completely spectacular on their beach. Indeed, she later recounted to CNN, “I couldn’t believe it. I nearly fell out of my chair.”
Specifically, Nyegaard recognized that the sunfish was not of the common variety; rather, it was a hoodwinker sunfish. And she was ultimately the right person to note the subtle differences between the two. After all, in 2017 the marine scientist had discovered and named the hoodwinker species after years of trying to find it.
Plus, while scientists have long known about the existence of sunfish, it’s taken centuries for them to conclude that quite so many different varieties of the creature exist. The ocean sunfish – now known as the most prevalent of all the sunfish species – was discovered first in 1758.
Later, though, evidence started to emerge of a mysterious type of sunfish living around Australia, New Zealand, South Africa or Chile – in other words, places that were all in the Southern hemisphere. In addition, a record from the turn of the 19th century claimed that one of the massive creatures had been spotted in Dutch waters. Nyegaard had plenty of places in which to look, then, when she decided to try and find this enigmatic animal.
But while Nyegaard researched the mystery fish, she realized that a lot of sightings had been misclassified. Sometimes, for instance, a common variety of the fish was deemed to be a rarer breed or vice versa. And that’s precisely how the hoodwinker had swum under the radar for so long: no one had taken the time to pinpoint its subtle diversity.
Nyegaard explained to CNN, “[The hoodwinker] had gone unnoticed because no one really realized it looked different. There’s a long history of confusion about the species in the sunfish family. This fish had managed to stay out of sight and out of everybody’s attention. It had been taken for Mola mola [the ocean sunfish], so it was hoodwinking us all.”
So, when the California-based team found a hoodwinker on their shores, it floored Nyegaard. Initially, you see, she had doubted claims that the species had somehow turned up in the U.S. Yet the pictures confirmed that yet another hoodwinker had actually surfaced, leaving Nyegaard in what she described to The Guardian as “a mix of disbelief and excitement.”
Much of that had to do with the hoodwinker’s location, as California is a fair distance from the fish’s usual haunts in the Southern Hemisphere. In March 2019 Nyegaard added to The Guardian, “That’s as far north as I have seen [the hoodwinker] that corresponds to a cold water current. For this fish to suddenly rock up in California is really exciting.”
So, how exactly did this specific hoodwinker end up over 4,000 miles away from its typical habitat? Well, Nyegaard revealed to CNN that this type of exploratory behavior wasn’t completely uncharacteristic for the hoodwinker. As she put it in her own words, “It’s not uncommon for sunfish to wander really far.”
And Nyegaard shared another pair of hypotheses with The Guardian, explaining, “It could just be a lost sunfish, or it could be [that] we don’t understand the distribution yet. Then, of course, there is the whole issue around climate change. We can’t conclude anything from just one specimen, but, of course, it is the question.”
Luckily, there is something that will potentially answer Nyegaard’s lingering questions: DNA. After the beached fish’s discovery, scientists from UC Santa Barbara gathered around to take samples of its genetic information. And if a match is established between the Californian beast and a New Zealand hoodwinker, then this would prove that the Coal Oil Point Reserve example had somehow branched off from its southern hemisphere counterparts.
Even if this turns out to have been the case, though, there would still be other questions to answer. Nyegaard explained further to CNN, saying, “We know [the hoodwinker] has the temperate distribution around here and off the coast of Chile. But then how did it cross the equator and turn up by you guys? It’s intriguing what made this fish cross the equator.”
In the meantime, everyone involved with the discovery of the California hoodwinker was seemingly pleased to be a part of such a momentous find. Nielsen told The Current, “Mola tecta [the hoodwinker] was just recently discovered, so there is still so much to learn about this species. I’m so glad that we could help these researchers make the final definitive ID.”
For fish scientist Foster, on the other hand, euphoria had kicked in long before the positive identification of the hoodwinker. As he explained to CNN, “To discover that it may be the first record in all of the Americas and only the second Northern Hemisphere record for the species… then I got very excited.”
Regardless, it will take time to determine if the California hoodwinker has ties to those in the Southern Hemisphere. And, as it happens, a very interesting individual will carry out the DNA tests. Geneticist Dr. Mette Nyegaard of Denmark’s Aarhus University will lead the charge, and her surname may have given away the fact that she’s Nyegaard’s sibling.
For now, scientists can just appreciate the fact that people on the internet helped them to identify an incredibly rare species. And the Coal Oil Point Reserve’s director Cris Sandoval certainly gave others credit when talking to The Current. He said, “Without attentive eyes, camera phones and social media, the Australian ichthyologists would have never learned that this fish had just been seen for the first time in the Northern Hemisphere.”
Sandoval also implied that this method of sharing and spreading scientific theory would be a thing of the future. Right now, of course, it’s still a relatively new concept. He explained, “This type of crowd-sourced science is helping biologists map species in ways we could not have imagined just a few years ago.”
Nyegaard and Turner celebrated the web for its aid in their triumph, too. Nyegaard, for instance, lauded iNaturalist for its bright and helpful community. She told CNN, “We are living in a changing world, and it’s important for scientists to get input from everybody in what they see. We can’t be out in the field every day all over the world.”
And then there was Turner, who was quick to point out that even he would’ve missed the hoodwinker without the assistance of the internet. He said, “I’m a professor. I’m a biologist. But I didn’t actually know what was special about this fish. I just posted a picture, and that connected me with the world’s expert and the discoverer of the species.” Now, he and the other specialists will have to wait and see what the tests say about the rare fish that brought all of them together.