Image: Facebook/Western Mining History

It’s the height of the 19th-century California Gold Rush. A Chinese man called John John is bent over a wooden tub filled with miners’ filthy clothes. He’s working hard, scrubbing away to get the garments clean before they’re dried and neatly pressed. He does all this for free. The miners think he’s crazy. But he knows something that they don’t. And it will make him a rich man.

Image: Ann Ronan Pictures/Print Collector/Getty Images

We’ll come back to the story of John John. By the way, that’s not his real name, just a nickname habitually handed out to Chinese people by white folks. But before we tell the tale of this immigrant, let’s find out about the extraordinary gold rush that convulsed California in the years following 1848.

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